IVF Treatment Specialist
In Vitro Fertilization also known as IVF is a technique of assisted reproductive technology for infertility treatment. In vitro Fertilization (IVF) involves putting the eggs and sperm together outside the human body, by natural selection the egg will usually allow only one sperm to enter and this leads to the fertilization process in the laboratory.
After fertilization, the embryo are allowed to grow for a short period of time before being implanted it in a woman’s uterus. A successful pregnancy can be confirmed about 2 week later. IVF treatment is one of the most common and effective techniques available for improving the chances of pregnancy in women.
IVF can be used to treat infertility with the following patients :
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes : The damage or blockage in tubes makes it difficult for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to travel to the uterus.
- Male Infertility : Men with low sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg.
- Unexplained infertility : One in six couples suffers infertility problems and sometimes the causes remain unknown despite investigation
- Ovulation disorders : mean when ovulation fails to occur and are present in up to 20 percent of infertile couples.
- Premature ovarian failure : also known as premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is the loss of function of the ovaries before age 40.
- Endometriosis : Endometriosis occurs when the lining of the uterus (womb) grows starts to outside of the uterus.
How does IVF work?
IVF stands for in vitro fertilization. It’s one of the more widely known types of assisted reproductive technology (ART). IVF works by using a combination of medicines and surgical procedures to help sperm fertilize an egg, and help the fertilized egg implant in your uterus.
First, you take medication that makes several of your eggs mature and ready for fertilization. Then the doctor takes the eggs out of your body and mixes them with sperm in a lab, to help the sperm fertilize the eggs. Then they put 1 or more fertilized eggs (embryos) directly into your uterus. Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos implant in the lining of your uterus.
IVF has many steps, and it takes several months to complete the whole process. It sometimes works on the first try, but many people need more than 1 round of IVF to get pregnant. IVF definitely increases your chances of pregnancy if you’re having fertility problems, but there’s no guarantee — everyone’s body is different and IVF won’t work for everyone.
What’s the IVF process?
The first step in IVF is taking fertility medications for several months to help your ovaries produce several eggs that are mature and ready for fertilization. This is called ovulation induction. You may get regular ultrasounds or blood tests to measure your hormone levels and keep track of your egg production.
Once your ovaries have produced enough mature eggs, your doctor removes the eggs from your body (this is called egg retrieval). Egg retrieval is a minor surgical procedure that’s done at Janya fertility center, HSR Layout, Bangalore.
You’ll get medicine to help you be relaxed and comfortable during the procedure. Using an ultrasound to see inside your body, the doctor puts a thin, hollow tube through your vagina and into the ovary and follicles that hold your eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device that gently pulls the eggs out of each follicle.
In a lab, your eggs are mixed with sperm cells from your partner or a donor — this is called insemination. The eggs and sperm are stored together in a special container, and fertilization happens. For sperm that have lower motility (don’t swim as well), they may be injected directly into the eggs to promote fertilization. As the cells in the fertilized eggs divide and become embryos, people who work at the lab monitor the progress.
About 3-5 days after the egg retrieval, 1 or more embryos are put into your uterus (this is called embryo transfer). The doctor slides a thin tube through your cervix into your uterus, and inserts the embryo directly into your uterus through the tube.
Pregnancy happens if any of the embryos attach to the lining of your uterus. Embryo transfer is done at Janya fertility center, HSR Layout, Bangalore, and it’s usually not painful.
Plan on resting for the rest of the day after your embryo transfer. You can go back to your normal activities the next day. You may also take pills or get daily shots of a hormone called progesterone for the first 8-10 weeks after the embryo transfer. The hormones make it easier for the embryo to survive in your uterus.